The American Society for Testing and Materials,
1916 Race Street,
Philadelphia, PA 19103.
ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF CADMIUM ON STEEL
Specifies three thickness groups for non specific applications - Type NS - minimum 12 um; Type OS - min 8 um and Type TS - min 5 um Also specifies sampling techniques and hydrogen embrittlement relief
CLEANING AND DESCALING STAINLESS STEEL PARTS,EQUIP,AND SYSTS
Covers methods of cleaning, pickling and other treatment methods. Includes inspection methods and formulas Descries numerous techniques including safety precautions and tests to insure complete removal of free iron.
STD METHOD OF SALT SPRAY (FOG) TESTING
Describes equipment and method of operation Gives details of construction and solutions used. Salt solution 5%+/- 1% - water no more than 200 ppm total solids; pH collected 6.5-7.2; air pressure -10 - 25 psi temp in cabinet - 95 +2-3F; air should be humidified before nozzle use.
MEASUREMENT OF STAIN RESISTANCE OF ANODIC COATINGS ON Al
Uses combination of nitric treatment and dye absorption Basically a go no-go test
MEASUREMENT OF WEIGHT OF COATING ON ANODICALLY COATED Al
Simple weight loss/area method Gives solution formula for removing coating. 35 ml phosphoric (density 1.69), 20 g chromic per liter immerse for 5 min at about 100C rinse, dry, weigh. Repeat to constant weight
CHROMIUM ELECTROPLATING ON STEEL FOR ENGINEERING USE
Gives various methods for hard chrome plating Does not mention hydrogen embrittlement
PREPARATION OF LOW CARBON STEEL FOR ELECTROPLATING
Gives generalized procedures
ELECTRODEPOSITED LEAD AND LEAD/TIN COATINGS ON STEEL
Mainly concerned with how to specify coatings Has table of salt spray resistance vs thickness Has guide to selection of coating thickness Has table of expected exposure life vs thickness for Industrial, marine and rural atmospheres
TESTING CHROMATE COATINGS ON ZINC AND CADMIUM SURFACES
Spells out tests and proper preparation of samples including aging Includes Saltspray, abrasion resistance, test for clear coatings Has table of expected salt spray protection
PREPARATION OF HIGH CARBON STEEL FOR ELECTROPLATING
General procedures for plating and part preparation Discusses hydrogen embrittlement briefly
MEASUREMENT OF THICKNESS NON-COND COATS WITH EDDY CURRENTS
Describes procedures for using eddy current instruments Includes thickness of anodic coatings on aluminum and other non-conductive coatings on non-magnetic substrates
PREPARATION OF ZINC ALLOY DIE CASTINGS FOR ELECTROPLATING
Describes mechanical and chemical procedures Mostly general
PREPARATION OF ALUMINUM ALLOYS FOR ELECTROPLATING Describes all methods of plating on aluminum Contains formulas for many processing solutions, particularly etching solutions and de-oxidizing solutions. Includes ternary zincates.
PREPARATION OF AND ELECTROPLATING ON STAINLESS STEEL
Gives recommended procedures for preparing stainless for proper plating. Includes activation methods including Woods nickel strike, listing of stainless steel grades, effects of fabrication, and methods of scale removal No plating recommendations are given.
PREPARATION OF COPPER/ALLOYS FOR PLATING/CONVERSION COATING
Gives standard methods of preparing copper and copper alloys for plating and/or conversion coating Contains list of cleaning and pickling solutions
ACETIC ACID-SALT SPRAY (FOG) TESTING
Gives details of method of conducting test.
PREPARATION OF LEAD AND LEAD ALLOYS FOR ELECTROPLATING
Gives standard method for preparing lead and lead alloys Lists cycles and gives information on strike solutions
PREPARATION OF IRON CASTINGS FOR ELECTROPLATING
Typical standard procedures
CLEANING METALS PRIOR TO ELECTROPLATING
Gives typical procedures Contains considerable descriptive information on soils, cleaners, acids, etc.
PREPARATION OF NICKEL FOR ELECTROPLATING WITH NICKEL
Gives methods of activating nickel
COPPER-ACCELERATED ACETIC ACID-SALT SPRAY (FOG) TESTING
Gives details of method Also known as CASS test.
STANDARD DEFINITIONS OF TERMS RELATING TO ELECTROPLATING
Glossary of terms with definitions
CORROSION TESTING OF DECORATIVE CHROMIUM BY CORRODKOTE TEST
Details of conducting test Coat specimen with corrosive paste and expose in humidity Chamber at 80-90% humidity 37.8 +1.1 or -2.2C for 20 hrs. each 20 hr period constitutes one cycle Clean and examine for points of failure
PROCESSING OF MANDRELS FOR ELECTROFORMING
Gives details of preparation of various type of mandrels Includes procedures for aluminum, stainless steel, nickel low melting alloys, and non conductive mandrels
CHROMATE TREATMENTS ON ALUMINUM
Gives details of preparation and testing Class 1 - max corrosion resistance - yellow to brown- wgt 30-100 mg/sg ft - Class 2 - general purpose - iridescent to yellow - wgt 10 - 35 mg/ft sq - class 3 - includes colorless and low resistance electrical types
ENGINEERING DESIGN OF ELECTROFORMED ARTICLES
Self explanatory from title
ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF COPPER/NICKEL/CHROME AND NI/CR
General specification Gives extensive table of thicknesses vs service condition. Contains extensive testing information - ductility-sulfur in nickel, and discontinuities in chromium
MEASUREMENT OF IMPEDANCE OF ANODIC COATINGS ON ALUMINUM
Standard test procedure
PREPARATION OF MAGNESIUM AND MAGNESIUM ALLOYS FOR PLATING
Recommended procedures As of 8/15/86 this was in the process of being rewritten
PREPARATION OF TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOYS FOR PLATING
Describes successful processes Gives complete procedures including formulas for acids used in pickling
PREPARATION OF TUNGSTEN AND TUNGSTEN ALLOYS FOR PLATING
Gives detailed procedure Includes formulas for pickling acids and nickel strike
MEASUREMENT OF METAL/OXIDE COATS BY MICRO EXAM CROSS SECTION
Description of procedure Also includes limitations of method
ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF GOLD FOR ENGINEERING USES
Spells out required physical characteristics Has appendices on uses, resistivity, residual salts, solderability and manufacturing
BEND TEST FOR DUCTILITY OF METAL COATINGS ON METALS
Bend test is conducted with narrow strip bent around mandrel Smallest mandrel without cracking yields elongation Specimens are 10 mm wide and not less than 125 mm long. 1010 or 1025 steel strip 1.0 to 2.5 mm thick may be used For multiple layer coatings, methods are given for determining to which layer crack penetrates.
MICROMETER BEND TEST FOR DUCTILITY OF ELECTRODEPOSITS
Describes bend test similar to B 489 but using a micrometer instead of mandrels
MAGNETIC THICKNESS MEASUREMENT NON MAG COATS ON MAG METALS
Describes standard procedures for all types of magnetic instruments.
USE OF COPPER AND NICKEL SOLUTIONS FOR ELECTROFORMING
Describes conditions of use for several solutions Includes copper sulfate, copper fluoborate, Watts nickel, and nickel sulfamate solutions. Gives solution formulas and variables which affect properties of deposits. Includes testing methods for properties of electroforms
THICKNESS MEASUREMENT OF METALS COULOMETRIC METHOD
Describes procedures and calibration of equipment Includes electrolytes to be used
DESIGN OF ARTICLES TO BE RACK PLATED WITH NICKEL
General design considerations Gives approximate plate distribution ratios for several standard shapes
THICKNESS MEASUREMENT MAGNETIC NICKEL MAG/NONMAG SUBSTRATES
Procedures for measuring coating thickness magnetically. Gives calibration procedures for instruments, accuracy Covers nickel phosphorous alloys
APPEARANCE OF ELECTROPLATED PLASTIC SURFACES
Gives allowable limits for defects that can be tolerated on electroplated plastic surfaces. Leaves decision on quality to purchaser but gives classes of defects and classifies surfaces
PEEL STRENGTH OF METAL ELECTROPLATED PLASTICS
Describes equipment and procedure for running adhesion tests on plated plastics. At the time of this abstract this procedure had not incorporated the refinements developed by Coombes of Crown City Plating.
RATING OF ELECTROPLATED PANELS SUBJECTED TO EXPOSURE
Details of rating scale used in examining panels which have been subjected to atmospheric exposure.
FORD ANODIZED ALUMINUM CORROSION TEST (FACT)
Covers conditions required in FACT testing. Does not prescribe test specimen or acceptable values Test is made in salt solution from CASS (ASTM B-368) or Salt Fog Test (B 117) - temp 24 +/-1 C - Measure volt-seconds Failure must be spots not thin lines. Description of the circuit and use in research is given
ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF TIN
Covers requirements for tin coatings on iron, steel, nickel alloys, copper and copper allys of more than 50% copper. Relates thickness to 4 service condition numbers. Gives examples of service conditions, methods of determining thickness,adhesion, porosity, solderability, whisker growth Recommended thicknesses range from 1.2 to 0.2 mil
THERMAL CYCLING OF ELECTROPLATED PLASTICS
Gives procedure for running test. Leaves specification of number of cycles up to purchaser
THICKNESS MEASUREMENT METALLIC COATINGS ON NON METALLICS
Gives outline of available methods Lists coulometric, magnetic, beta backscatter and eddy current methods
THICKNESS MEASUREMENT BY THE DROPPING TEST
Describes procedure for using dropping method to measure thickness of zinc, cadmium, copper and tin Lists solutions to be used, rates of dissolution, and describes equipment
MEASUREMENT OF THIN CHROMIUM COATINGS BY THE SPOT TEST
Describes spot test for thin chromium over nickel or stainless steel - accuracy +/- 20%. Gives composition of solution, procedure, and graphs of penetration vs temperature
PREPARATION OF NICKEL ALLOYS FOR ELECTROPLATING
Includes only methods well known and in wide use Describes various procedures. Has list of various alloys with recommended procedure for each.
THICKNESS MEASUREMENT BY THE BETA BACKSCATTER METHOD
Procedure gives mass per unit area unless density of coating is known.
Applies to both metallic and non metallic coatings on both metallic and non metallic substrates. Atomic numbers or equivalent atomic numbers of coating and substrate must differ by an appropriate amount. Gives details.
COATING THICKNESS BY X-RAY SPECTOMETRY
Covers use of method and applicability. Gives full details including calibration curves.
ADHESION OF METALLIC COATINGS
Standard test methods for adhesion Discusses bend tests, burnishing test, chisel-knife test, draw test, file test, grind-saw test, heat-quench method, impact test, peel test, push test, scribe-grid test.
MICROHARDNESS OF ELECTROPLATED COATINGS
Describes method of use of Knoop indenter Thickness must be at least 0.6 times the long Knoop diagonal thus for gold thickness must be at least 38 um and for hard coatings 25 um.
ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF TIN-LEAD ALLOY (SOLDER PLATE)
Covers all uses of tin-lead on iron, steel, copper and copper alloys. Classifies thickness by substrate and service condition. Gives recommended thickness for various combinations of alloy and service - minimum 0.2 mil maximum 1.2 mil
ANODIC OXIDE COATINGS ON ALUMINUM
Covers requirements for anodizing without regard to method. Very general specification. Spells out method of specifying type of coating required.
POROSITY OF GOLD COATINGS ON METAL SUBSTRATES.
Gives various test methods and interpretation of results.
INTERFERENCE MICROSCOPE THICKNESS - TRANSPARENT COATINGS
Covers method of measuring thickness of transparent metal oxide or metallic coatings with the double beam instrument Describes method and illustrates typical interference patterns and methods of counting rings.
DESCALING AND CLEANING TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOY SURFACES
Covers procedures for general cleaning after fabrication. Does not give procedures suitable for plating
ATTRIBUTE SAMPLING OF ELECTRODEPOSITED METALS
Statistical method for sampling production lots where desirable attributes can be specified.
DECORATIVE ELECTROPLATED COATINGS Cu/Ni/Cr ON PLASTICS
Gives requirements for several grades and types of coatings on plastics. Describes service conditions, ductility test, determination of sulfur in nickel, determination of number of discontinuities in chrome.
ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF TIN-NICKEL ALLOY
Covers requirements for corrosion protection on steel, iron, zinc base, copper and copper alloys. Classifies by substrate and service condition. Gives suggested plating process and solution formula.
DESCALING AND CLEANING ZIRCONIUM AND ZIRCONIUM ALLOYS
General cleaning practice for fabricators. Does not give cleaning procedures for plating.
ELECTROLYTIC CORROSION TESTING (EC TEST)
Rapid method of electrolytically duplicating corrosion results. Gives method, description of equipment, and how to interpret the results.
PREPARATION OF MOLYBDENUM AND MOLYBDENUM ALLOYS FOR PLATING
Gives standard method with solutions. Contains reasonably good bibliography
ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF ZINC ON IRON AND STEEL
Covers coatings on fabricated articles for corrosion prevention. Does not cover wire or sheet Type I - as plated; II -with colored chromate; III - with clear chromate;IV - with phosphate. Thickness is specified by service condition - 1 - 5 um; 2 - 8 um; 3 - 13 um; 4 -
25 um. Service conditions are defined.
ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF RHODIUM FOR ENGINEERING USE
Specifies series of classes the number of which is essentially the thickness. Gives typical applications.
MECHANICALLY DEPOSITED CADMIUM-TIN ON IRON AND STEEL
Covers applying a mixture of cadmium and tin by peen plating. Gives test for chromate coating, also information on the coating in general.
INTERNAL STRESS MEASUREMENT WITH THE SPIRAL CONTRACTOMETER
Describes instrument and its use. Gives formulas for calculating stress and a special procedure for use with nickel.
ENGINEERING CHROMIUM DEPOSITS ON FERROUS SUBSTRATES
Covers hard chrome plating Class numbers equal thickness - except Z - which is as specified. Does not spell out procedures - only requirements Gives ferroxyl test for discontinuities.
MEASUREMENT OF CORROSION SITES - INTERFERENCE MICROSCOPE
Method of measuring the dimensions and number of corrosion sites on nickel/chromium or copper/nickel/chromium. Describes apparatus and interpretation.
AUTOCATALYTIC NICKEL-PHOSPHOROUS DEPOSITION - ENGINEERING
Describes method of applying electroless nickel for engineering purposes.
Gives formulas for solutions, including cleaners, smut removers, activators, and electrolytic nickel strikes including Woods, sulfamate, and glycollate. Has curves of EN characteristics vs heat treating temperature.
MEASURING THICKNESS OF ELECTRODEPOSITED AND RELATED COATINGS
Outlines various methods available for plated coatings, anodized coatings, conversion coatings and related finishes.
SOLDERABILITY OF METALLIC-COATED PRODUCTS
Gives test method.
ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF PALLADIUM FOR ENGINEERING USE
General specification Gives coating number equivalent to thickness in umeters except F which is flash coating. Gives various sampling methods.
SEAL QUALITY OF ANODIC COATINGS ON ALUMINUM BY ACID DISSOLUTION
Describes test method Uses dilute chromic phosphoric acid sol to test effect of sealing procedure on dissolution rate.
MEASUREMENT OF THICKNESS OF ANODIC COATS-LIGHT-SECTION MICRO
ELECTROPLATED ENGINEERING COATINGS
General specification. Type 1 - no additives; Type 2 - used at moderate temperature can contain additives; Type 3 - composite coatings. Thickness - Class number = thickness in umeters except X which is as specified.
COATINGS OF ZINC MECHANICALLY DEPOSITED ON STEEL
General spec covering peened coatings. Class: number = thickness in umeters. Has several interesting tables in appendix
COATINGS OF CADMIUM MECHANICALLY DEPOSITED ON STEEL AND IRON
General spec for peened coatings Very similar to zinc spec
SELECTION OF SAMPLING PLANS FOR INSPECTION OF PLATED PARTS
Describes method of choosing sampling plans for statistical control of product quality. Contains all required charts including a table of random numbers.
COATINGS OF CADMIUM VACUUM DEPOSITED ON IRON AND STEEL
Covers the requirements for vacuum deposited cadmium. Class numbers = thickness in umeters. Gives information on supplemental treatment and packaging.
ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF SILVER FOR ENGINEERING USE
Gives details of requirements and methods of specifying coatings. Type designates purity - 1=99.9% min; 2-99.0%; 3-98.0% Grade = finish - A=mat - no brighteners;B=bright with brightener C= bright - mechan or chem pol Type 1 depos. Class= supplem finish - N - none;S-chromate Thickness number=umeters
PREPARATION OF PLASTIC MATERIALS FOR ELECTROPLATING
Describes plating process for plastics Gives details on many solutions and includes table of expected peel strength.
AUTOCATALYTIC NICKEL-PHOSPHOROUS COATINGS ON METALS
Covers requirements for electroless nickel for engineering use. Gives details on requirements and methods of testing.
PREPARATION OF ALUMMINUM/ALLOYS FOR PAINTING
Covers solvent cleaning, chemical treatments, anodic treatments, and mechanical treatments. General spec. Not much detail.
PREPARATION OF HOT-DIP ALUMINUM SURFACES FOR PAINTING
See D 1730
PREPARATION OF MAGNESIUM ALLOY SURFACES FOR PAINTING
Covers chemical and anodic treatments Gives fairly complete details on all processes with formulas for treating solutions.
MICROHARDNESS OF MATERIALS
Gives details of procedures and methods of calibrating machines.
ELECTRONIC HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT TEST FOR CADMIUM PLATING
Covers test to determine susceptibility of process to generation of hydrogen embrittlement. Can be used as a process control test for difficult work.
MECHANICAL HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT TESTING
Uses test bars of various types loaded under varying conditions.
ACIDIFIED SYNTHETIC SEA WATER (FOG) TESTING
Describes method but not specimen size or interpretation of results.