The American Society for Testing and Materials,

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Philadelphia, PA 19103.

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A 165

ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF CADMIUM ON STEEL

Specifies three thickness groups for non specific applications - Type NS - minimum 12 um; Type OS - min 8 um and Type TS - min 5 um Also specifies sampling techniques and hydrogen embrittlement relief

 

A 380

CLEANING AND DESCALING STAINLESS STEEL PARTS,EQUIP,AND SYSTS

Covers methods of cleaning, pickling and other treatment methods. Includes inspection methods and formulas Descries numerous techniques including safety precautions and tests to insure complete removal of free iron.

 

B 117

STD METHOD OF SALT SPRAY (FOG) TESTING

Describes equipment and method of operation Gives details of construction and solutions used. Salt solution 5%+/- 1% - water no more than 200 ppm total solids; pH collected 6.5-7.2; air pressure -10 - 25 psi temp in cabinet - 95 +2-3F; air should be humidified before nozzle use.

 

B 136

MEASUREMENT OF STAIN RESISTANCE OF ANODIC COATINGS ON Al

Uses combination of nitric treatment and dye absorption Basically a go no-go test

 

B 137

MEASUREMENT OF WEIGHT OF COATING ON ANODICALLY COATED Al

Simple weight loss/area method Gives solution formula for removing coating. 35 ml phosphoric (density 1.69), 20 g chromic per liter immerse for 5 min at about 100C rinse, dry, weigh. Repeat to constant weight

 

B 177

CHROMIUM ELECTROPLATING ON STEEL FOR ENGINEERING USE

Gives various methods for hard chrome plating Does not mention hydrogen embrittlement

 

B 183

PREPARATION OF LOW CARBON STEEL FOR ELECTROPLATING

Gives generalized procedures

 

B 200

ELECTRODEPOSITED LEAD AND LEAD/TIN COATINGS ON STEEL

Mainly concerned with how to specify coatings Has table of salt spray resistance vs thickness Has guide to selection of coating thickness Has table of expected exposure life vs thickness for Industrial, marine and rural atmospheres

 

B 201

TESTING CHROMATE COATINGS ON ZINC AND CADMIUM SURFACES

Spells out tests and proper preparation of samples including aging Includes Saltspray, abrasion resistance, test for clear coatings Has table of expected salt spray protection

 

B 242

PREPARATION OF HIGH CARBON STEEL FOR ELECTROPLATING

General procedures for plating and part preparation Discusses hydrogen embrittlement briefly

 

B 244

MEASUREMENT OF THICKNESS NON-COND COATS WITH EDDY CURRENTS

Describes procedures for using eddy current instruments Includes thickness of anodic coatings on aluminum and other non-conductive coatings on non-magnetic substrates

 

B 252

PREPARATION OF ZINC ALLOY DIE CASTINGS FOR ELECTROPLATING

Describes mechanical and chemical procedures Mostly general

 

B 253

PREPARATION OF ALUMINUM ALLOYS FOR ELECTROPLATING Describes all methods of plating on aluminum Contains formulas for many processing solutions, particularly etching solutions and de-oxidizing solutions. Includes ternary zincates.

 

B 254

PREPARATION OF AND ELECTROPLATING ON STAINLESS STEEL

Gives recommended procedures for preparing stainless for proper platingIncludes activation methods including Woods nickel strike, listing of stainless steel grades, effects of fabrication, and methods of scale removal No plating recommendations are given.

 

B 281

PREPARATION OF COPPER/ALLOYS FOR PLATING/CONVERSION COATING

Gives standard methods of preparing copper and copper alloys for plating and/or conversion coating Contains list of cleaning and pickling solutions

 

B 287

ACETIC ACID-SALT SPRAY (FOG) TESTING

Gives details of method of conducting test.

 

B 319

PREPARATION OF LEAD AND LEAD ALLOYS FOR ELECTROPLATING

Gives standard method for preparing lead and lead alloys Lists cycles and gives information on strike solutions

 

B 320

PREPARATION OF IRON CASTINGS FOR ELECTROPLATING

Typical standard procedures

 

B 322

CLEANING METALS PRIOR TO ELECTROPLATING

Gives typical procedures Contains considerable descriptive information on soils, cleaners, acids, etc.

 

B 343

PREPARATION OF NICKEL FOR ELECTROPLATING WITH NICKEL

Gives methods of activating nickel

 

B 368

COPPER-ACCELERATED ACETIC ACID-SALT SPRAY (FOG) TESTING

Gives details of method Also known as CASS test.

 

B 374

STANDARD DEFINITIONS OF TERMS RELATING TO ELECTROPLATING

Glossary of terms with definitions

 

B 380

CORROSION TESTING OF DECORATIVE CHROMIUM BY CORRODKOTE TEST

Details of conducting test Coat specimen with corrosive paste and expose in humidity Chamber at 80-90% humidity 37.8 +1.1 or -2.2C for 20 hrs. each 20 hr period constitutes one cycle Clean and examine for points of failure

 

B 431

PROCESSING OF MANDRELS FOR ELECTROFORMING

Gives details of preparation of various type of mandrels Includes procedures for aluminum, stainless steel, nickel low melting alloys, and non conductive mandrels

 

B 449

CHROMATE TREATMENTS ON ALUMINUM

Gives details of preparation and testing Class 1 - max corrosion resistance - yellow to brown- wgt 30-100 mg/sg ft - Class 2 - general purpose - iridescent to yellow - wgt 10 - 35 mg/ft sq - class 3 - includes colorless and low resistance electrical types

 

B 450

ENGINEERING DESIGN OF ELECTROFORMED ARTICLES

Self explanatory from title

 

B 456

ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF COPPER/NICKEL/CHROME AND NI/CR

General specification Gives extensive table of thicknesses vs service condition.  Contains extensive testing information - ductility-sulfur in nickel, and discontinuities in chromium

 

B 457

MEASUREMENT OF IMPEDANCE OF ANODIC COATINGS ON ALUMINUM

Standard test procedure

 

B 480

PREPARATION OF MAGNESIUM AND MAGNESIUM ALLOYS FOR PLATING

Recommended procedures As of 8/15/86 this was in the process of being rewritten

 

B 481

PREPARATION OF TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOYS FOR PLATING

Describes successful processes Gives complete procedures including formulas for acids used in pickling

 

B 482

PREPARATION OF TUNGSTEN AND TUNGSTEN ALLOYS FOR PLATING

Gives detailed procedure Includes formulas for pickling acids and nickel strike

 

B 487

MEASUREMENT OF METAL/OXIDE COATS BY MICRO EXAM CROSS SECTION

Description of procedure Also includes limitations of method

 

B 488

ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF GOLD FOR ENGINEERING USES

Spells out required physical characteristics Has appendices on uses, resistivity, residual salts, solderability and manufacturing

 

B 489

BEND TEST FOR DUCTILITY OF METAL COATINGS ON METALS

Bend test is conducted with narrow strip bent around mandrel Smallest mandrel without cracking yields elongation Specimens are 10 mm wide and not less than 125 mm long.  1010 or 1025 steel strip 1.0 to 2.5 mm thick may be used For multiple layer coatings, methods are given for determining to which layer crack penetrates.

 

B 490

MICROMETER BEND TEST FOR DUCTILITY OF ELECTRODEPOSITS

Describes bend test similar to B 489 but using a micrometer instead of mandrels

 

B 499

MAGNETIC THICKNESS MEASUREMENT NON MAG COATS ON MAG METALS

Describes standard procedures for all types of magnetic instruments.

 

B 503

USE OF COPPER AND NICKEL SOLUTIONS FOR ELECTROFORMING

Describes conditions of use for several solutions Includes copper sulfate, copper fluoborate, Watts nickel, and nickel sulfamate solutions. Gives solution formulas and variables which affect properties of deposits. Includes testing methods for properties of electroforms

 

B 504

THICKNESS MEASUREMENT OF METALS COULOMETRIC METHOD

Describes procedures and calibration of equipment Includes electrolytes to be used

 

B 507

DESIGN OF ARTICLES TO BE RACK PLATED WITH NICKEL

General design considerations Gives approximate plate distribution ratios for several standard shapes

 

B 530

THICKNESS MEASUREMENT MAGNETIC NICKEL MAG/NONMAG SUBSTRATES

Procedures for measuring coating thickness magnetically. Gives calibration procedures for instruments, accuracy Covers nickel phosphorous alloys

 

B 532

APPEARANCE OF ELECTROPLATED PLASTIC SURFACES

Gives allowable limits for defects that can be tolerated on electroplated plastic surfacesLeaves decision on quality to purchaser but gives classes of defects and classifies surfaces

 

B 533

PEEL STRENGTH OF METAL ELECTROPLATED PLASTICS

Describes equipment and procedure for running adhesion tests on plated plastics.  At the time of this abstract this procedure had not incorporated the refinements developed by Coombes of Crown City Plating.

 

B 537

RATING OF ELECTROPLATED PANELS SUBJECTED TO EXPOSURE

Details of rating scale used in examining panels which have been subjected to atmospheric exposure.

 

B 538

FORD ANODIZED ALUMINUM CORROSION TEST (FACT)

Covers conditions required in FACT testing. Does not prescribe test specimen or acceptable values Test is made in salt solution from CASS (ASTM B-368) or Salt Fog Test (B 117) - temp 24 +/-1 C - Measure volt-seconds Failure must be spots not thin lines. Description of the circuit and use in research is given

 

B 545

ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF TIN

Covers requirements for tin coatings on iron, steel, nickel alloys, copper and copper allys of more than 50% copper. Relates thickness to 4 service condition numbers. Gives examples of service conditions, methods of determining thickness,adhesion, porosity, solderability, whisker growth Recommended thicknesses range from 1.2 to 0.2 mil

 

B 553

THERMAL CYCLING OF ELECTROPLATED PLASTICS

Gives procedure for running test. Leaves specification of number of cycles up to purchaser

 

B 554

THICKNESS MEASUREMENT METALLIC COATINGS ON NON METALLICS

Gives outline of available methods Lists coulometric, magnetic, beta backscatter and eddy current methods

 

B 555

THICKNESS MEASUREMENT BY THE DROPPING TEST

Describes procedure for using dropping method to measure thickness of zinc, cadmium, copper and tin Lists solutions to be used, rates of dissolution, and describes equipment

 

B 556

MEASUREMENT OF THIN CHROMIUM COATINGS BY THE SPOT TEST

Describes spot test for thin chromium over nickel or stainless steel - accuracy +/- 20%Gives composition of solution, procedure, and graphs of penetration vs temperature

 

B 558

PREPARATION OF NICKEL ALLOYS FOR ELECTROPLATING

Includes only methods well known and in wide use Describes various procedures. Has list of various alloys with recommended procedure for each.

 

B 567

THICKNESS MEASUREMENT BY THE BETA BACKSCATTER METHOD

Procedure gives mass per unit area unless density of coating is known.

Applies to both metallic and non metallic coatings on both metallic and non metallic substrates. Atomic numbers or equivalent atomic numbers of coating and substrate must differ by an appropriate amount. Gives details.

 

B 568

COATING THICKNESS BY X-RAY SPECTOMETRY

Covers use of method and applicability. Gives full details including calibration curves.

 

B 571

ADHESION OF METALLIC COATINGS

Standard test methods for adhesion Discusses bend tests, burnishing test, chisel-knife test, draw test, file test, grind-saw test, heat-quench method, impact test, peel test, push test, scribe-grid test.

 

B 578

MICROHARDNESS OF ELECTROPLATED COATINGS

Describes method of use of Knoop indenter Thickness must be at least 0.6 times the long Knoop diagonal thus for gold thickness must be at least 38 um and for hard coatings 25 um.

 

B 579

ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF TIN-LEAD ALLOY (SOLDER PLATE)

Covers all uses of tin-lead on iron, steel, copper and copper alloysClassifies thickness by substrate and service condition. Gives recommended thickness for various combinations of alloy and service - minimum 0.2 mil maximum 1.2 mil

 

B 580

ANODIC OXIDE COATINGS ON ALUMINUM

Covers requirements for anodizing without regard to method. Very general specification. Spells out method of specifying type of coating required.

 

B 583

POROSITY OF GOLD COATINGS ON METAL SUBSTRATES

Gives various test methods and interpretation of results.

 

B 588

INTERFERENCE MICROSCOPE THICKNESS - TRANSPARENT COATINGS

Covers method of measuring thickness of transparent metal oxide or metallic coatings with the double beam instrument Describes method and illustrates typical interference patterns and methods of counting rings.

 

B 600

DESCALING AND CLEANING TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOY SURFACES

Covers procedures for general cleaning after fabrication. Does not give procedures suitable for plating

 

B 602

ATTRIBUTE SAMPLING OF ELECTRODEPOSITED METALS

Statistical method for sampling production lots where desirable attributes can be specified.

 

B 604

DECORATIVE ELECTROPLATED COATINGS Cu/Ni/Cr ON PLASTICS

Gives requirements for several grades and types of coatings on plastics.  Describes service conditions, ductility test, determination of sulfur in nickel, determination of number of discontinuities in chrome.

 

B 605

ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF TIN-NICKEL ALLOY

Covers requirements for corrosion protection on steel, iron, zinc base, copper and copper alloys. Classifies by substrate and service condition. Gives suggested plating process and solution formula.

 

B 614

DESCALING AND CLEANING ZIRCONIUM AND ZIRCONIUM ALLOYS

General cleaning practice for fabricators. Does not give cleaning procedures for plating.

 

B 627

ELECTROLYTIC CORROSION TESTING (EC TEST)

Rapid method of electrolytically duplicating corrosion results.  Gives method, description of equipment, and how to interpret the results.

 

B 629

PREPARATION OF MOLYBDENUM AND MOLYBDENUM ALLOYS FOR PLATING

Gives standard method with solutions. Contains reasonably good bibliography

 

B 633

ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF ZINC ON IRON AND STEEL

Covers coatings on fabricated articles for corrosion prevention. Does not cover wire or sheet Type I - as plated; II -with colored chromate; III - with clear chromate;IV - with phosphate. Thickness is specified by service condition - 1 - 5 um; 2 - 8 um; 3 - 13 um; 4 -

25 um. Service conditions are defined.

 

B 634

ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF RHODIUM FOR ENGINEERING USE

Specifies series of classes the number of which is essentially the thickness. Gives typical applications.

 

B 635

MECHANICALLY DEPOSITED CADMIUM-TIN ON IRON AND STEEL

Covers applying a mixture of cadmium and tin by peen plating.  Gives test for chromate coating, also information on the coating in general.

 

B 636

INTERNAL STRESS MEASUREMENT WITH THE SPIRAL CONTRACTOMETER

Describes instrument and its use. Gives formulas for calculating stress and a special procedure for use with nickel.

 

B 650

ENGINEERING CHROMIUM DEPOSITS ON FERROUS SUBSTRATES

Covers hard chrome plating Class numbers equal thickness - except Z - which is as specified. Does not spell out procedures - only requirements Gives ferroxyl test for discontinuities.

 

B 651

MEASUREMENT OF CORROSION SITES - INTERFERENCE MICROSCOPE

Method of measuring the dimensions and number of corrosion sites on nickel/chromium or copper/nickel/chromium. Describes apparatus and interpretation.

 

B 656

AUTOCATALYTIC NICKEL-PHOSPHOROUS DEPOSITION - ENGINEERING

Describes method of applying electroless nickel for engineering purposes.

Gives formulas for solutions, including cleaners, smut removers, activators, and electrolytic nickel strikes including Woods, sulfamate, and glycollate. Has curves of EN characteristics vs heat treating temperature.

 

B 659

MEASURING THICKNESS OF ELECTRODEPOSITED AND RELATED COATINGS

Outlines various methods available for plated coatings, anodized coatings, conversion coatings and related finishes.

 

B 678

SOLDERABILITY OF METALLIC-COATED PRODUCTS

Gives test method.

 

B 679

ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF PALLADIUM FOR ENGINEERING USE

General specification Gives coating number equivalent to thickness in umeters except F which is flash coating. Gives various sampling methods.

 

B 680

SEAL QUALITY OF ANODIC COATINGS ON ALUMINUM BY ACID DISSOLUTION

Describes test method Uses dilute chromic phosphoric acid sol to test effect of sealing procedure on dissolution rate.

 

B 681

MEASUREMENT OF THICKNESS OF ANODIC COATS-LIGHT-SECTION MICRO

Describes method.

 

B 689

ELECTROPLATED ENGINEERING COATINGS

General specification. Type 1 - no additives; Type 2 - used at moderate temperature can contain additives; Type 3 - composite coatings. Thickness - Class number = thickness in umeters except X which is as specified.

 

B 695

COATINGS OF ZINC MECHANICALLY DEPOSITED ON STEEL

General spec covering peened coatings. Class: number = thickness in umeters. Has several interesting tables in appendix

 

B 696

COATINGS OF CADMIUM MECHANICALLY DEPOSITED ON STEEL AND IRON

General spec for peened coatings Very similar to zinc spec

 

B 697

SELECTION OF SAMPLING PLANS FOR INSPECTION OF PLATED PARTS

Describes method of choosing sampling plans for statistical control of product quality.  Contains all required charts including a table of random numbers.

 

B 699

COATINGS OF CADMIUM VACUUM DEPOSITED ON IRON AND STEEL

Covers the requirements for vacuum deposited cadmium. Class numbers = thickness in umeters. Gives information on supplemental treatment and packaging.

 

B 700

ELECTRODEPOSITED COATINGS OF SILVER FOR ENGINEERING USE

Gives details of requirements and methods of specifying coatings. Type designates purity - 1=99.9% min; 2-99.0%; 3-98.0% Grade = finish - A=mat - no brighteners;B=bright with brightener C= bright - mechan or chem pol Type 1 depos. Class= supplem finish - N - none;S-chromate Thickness number=umeters

 

B 727

PREPARATION OF PLASTIC MATERIALS FOR ELECTROPLATING

Describes plating process for plastics Gives details on many solutions and includes table of expected peel strength.

 

B 733

AUTOCATALYTIC NICKEL-PHOSPHOROUS COATINGS ON METALS

Covers requirements for electroless nickel for engineering use. Gives details on requirements and methods of testing.

 

D 1730

PREPARATION OF ALUMMINUM/ALLOYS FOR PAINTING

Covers solvent cleaning, chemical treatments, anodic treatments, and mechanical treatments. General spec. Not much detail.

 

D 1731

PREPARATION OF HOT-DIP ALUMINUM SURFACES FOR PAINTING

See D 1730

 

D 1732

PREPARATION OF MAGNESIUM ALLOY SURFACES FOR PAINTING

Covers chemical and anodic treatments Gives fairly complete details on all processes with formulas for treating solutions.

 

E 384

MICROHARDNESS OF MATERIALS

Gives details of procedures and methods of calibrating machines.

 

F 326

ELECTRONIC HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT TEST FOR CADMIUM PLATING

Covers test to determine susceptibility of process to generation of hydrogen embrittlement. Can be used as a process control test for difficult work.

 

F 519

MECHANICAL HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT TESTING

Uses test bars of various types loaded under varying conditions.

 

G 43

ACIDIFIED SYNTHETIC SEA WATER (FOG) TESTING

Describes method but not specimen size or interpretation of results.